Oslo Cancer Cluster was initiated in 2006 by Kaare Norum, former Principal of the University of Oslo and Jónas Einarsson, CEO of the Radium Hospital Research Foundation. At the time, Norum and Einarsson realized that a natural cluster within oncology had developed around Norwegian Radium Hospital.
By initiating a cluster member organization Norum and Einarsson wanted to accelerate the ongoing collaborations and stimulate even more commercialization. In 2007 they succeeded with their application for Oslo Cancer Cluster to become a Norwegian Centre of Expertise – the only one of the 12 clusters within health.
Already from the start, the idea was to expand the cluster from a regional Oslo-based oncology cluster to a national and international cluster. In 2011/2012 the University of Bergen and Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, and their associated Technology Transfer Organizations (TTO) joined as members. Oslo Cancer Cluster also includes organizations from the UK, Sweden and the Norwegian branches of most larger pharmaceutical companies developing cancer treatments.
In May 2015 the Oslo Cancer Cluster Innovation Park and Incubator opened at Montebello, right next to the Norwegian Radium Hospital and the Institute of Cancer Research. The Innovation Park brings the industry to the Radiumhospital Innovation Campus, gathering the entire oncology value chain at one place.